UK Accuse Russia Of Chemical Attack

The hypocritical UK Government accuse Russia of attempting to murder a traitor, with no evidence, no witnesses, and a police investigation not concluded, and yet continue to sell weapons and bombs to Saudi Arabia knowing they will be used to kill innocent men, women and children in Yemen.
What happened with ‘innocent until proven guilty’ ?

Mrs May really seems unhinged, frothing at the mouth for a war with Russia.. Who is pulling her strings ?.. Just a few days before, this hypocrite was praising, and wining and dining the Saudi Prince of war crimes.. She and the Queen met this war criminal and shook his war criminal blood-stained hands.. She really wants us to believe that Russia deserves to be punished for a crime yet to be proven, but Saudi Arabia gets rewarded by selling them more weapons and bombs.

The police say that 131 people had ‘possible’ contact with the nerve agent, but none, so far, have been found to be contaminated.. The lady doctor, along with members of the public, who attended to Mr Skripal and his daughter were not contaminated, nor were the paramedics that arrived at the scene.
Reports say that the police officer came into contact with the ‘nerve agent’ when he visited the home of Mr Skripal.

In 2016, Dr Robin Black, Head of the Detection Laboratory at the UK’s only chemical weapons facility at Porton Down, a former colleague of Dr David Kelly, published in an extremely prestigious scientific journal that the evidence for the existence of Novichoks was scant and their composition unknown.
Yet now, the British Government is claiming to be able instantly to identify a substance which its only biological weapons research centre has never seen before and was unsure of its existence. Worse, it claims to be able not only to identify it, but to pinpoint its origin. Given Dr Black’s publication, it is plain that claim cannot be true.
Given that the OPCW has taken the view the evidence for the existence of “Novichoks” is dubious, if the UK actually has a sample of one it is extremely important the UK presents that sample to the OPCW. Indeed the UK has a binding treaty obligation to present that sample to OPCW.
Russia has – unreported by the corporate media – entered a demand at the OPCW that Britain submit a sample of the Salisbury material for international analysis.
Yet Britain refuses to submit it to the OPCW.
( Craig Murray, 14 March, 2018 )

Here is the killer question that was not asked by anybody in parliament either on Monday or Wednesday.. ‘If this Novichok is exclusively Russian, why would Russia choose that weapon to mount a terrorist attack on the streets of Salisbury?’.. They may as well be leaving a pair of boots covered with snow and painting ‘Vladimir Putin was here’ on the nearest wall.. It’s absolutely absurd that Russia would actually put its signature on a crime like this if they had carried it out.. I have an absolute conviction that this is exactly the same kind of canard that led us to the disaster of the Iraq war.. In any list of suspects, Russia must be near the bottom because, self-evidently, it has not and cannot benefit from this crime in any way.
( George Galloway, 15 March 2018 )

The UK Government have picked another £48million from the magic money tree to invest in building a chemical weapons defence centre to tackle what it says is a growing threat from Russia and North Korea.
The sick and the homeless and the children in poverty will have to wait.

Thousands of unnecessary deaths, millions suffering pain and misery. Homelessness, suicides, violent crime at highest recorded levels. The money-laundering, drug capital of Europe. This is the UK, ruled by an incompetent, greedy, selfish, arrogant government.
The weak and the vulnerable and the powerless are blamed for economic ills and left to wither .. While those at the top, responsible for all the shit and all the misery, are exonerated and grow richer.

The UK Government has absolutely no problem murdering innocent civilians on foreign soil. It has no problem engaging in acts of aggression with and on behalf of other nations. It has no problem extracting profits from the sale of armaments to genocidal regimes. It has no problem subjecting its own citizens to the head-choppers and covering up their massive, organised, systematic raping of British girls.

The UK’s secretive military research centre, Porton Down, just 7 miles from the Salisbury attack, full of chemical and biological weapons old and new, and carries out thousands of shocking tests on animals that cause unimaginable pain and suffering and eventual death.

Ten Thousand Died In Tiananmen Sq.

Tory Activist Alleges Rape By Party Employee ..
A former Tory activist who alleged she was raped by a party employee claims senior Conservatives have repeatedly ignored a culture of sex abuse and harassment within the party.. Lisa Wade claimed she was so violently attacked she was left with whiplash-style injuries, but the Crown Prosecution Service decided not to take her case to court.
She reveals that, by then, she had already made an official complaint to the party about drunk young girls being targeted by sex pests while campaigning on the Tories’ infamous ‘battle bus’ before the 2015 election.
But Lisa, in her twenties, claims she was hounded out for what she did, and says many of the worst offenders still hold senior roles in the party.
( Geraldine McKelvie, 12.11.2017 )

A 30-Year Low On Home Ownership ..
Nothing exposes how useless this Tory government has been more than housing.
The Tories have produced 11 government housing statements and two White Papers – proposed government plans – in their seven years in power.. The last White Paper promised to mend the housing market.. But they bloody broke it !
Rough sleeping has doubled, home ownership has decreased to a 30-year low and they have built the lowest amount of social housing on record.
Thanks to Osborne’s ‘Help To Buy’, YOU subsidise peoples’ deposits to buy homes costing up to £650,000 .. And thanks to Philip Hammond, YOU are subsidising a £3.2 billion Stamp Duty giveaway to people buying homes for up to £300,000.
Tory housing policies have always been about the cash-strapped many paying for the lucky few.. The £3.2 billion Stamp Duty cut over six years could have built more than 30,000 new council homes.. Instead it will end up in the back pockets of house sellers, estate agents and property developers.. In fact, it’s been suggested by the independent Office for Budget Responsibility that it will help only 3,500 first-time buyers a year.. It would be cheaper to buy them houses.
( John Prescott, 26.11.2017 )

Ten Thousand Died In Tiananmen Square Protest ..
The Chinese army crackdown on the 1989 Tiananmen Square protests killed 10,000, dwarfing estimates, a document claims.. Wounded girl students were bayoneted, human remains were hosed down drains and a mother was shot as she tried to help her injured tot, it is alleged.. The detail, said to be from a member of China’s cabinet, was in a cable from Alan Donald, then UK ambassador to China.
China said 200 civilians and dozens of security staff died.
( Keith Perry, 24.12.2017 )

Prisoners Behind Bars In The UK ..
There are around 80,000 prisoners behind bars in the UK.
Women make up just 5% of the inmate population, and are kept in 12 prisons.
The average cost of keeping a prisoner in jail is £40,000 a year.
England and Wales have the highest incarceration rate in Western Europe, with 148 people in prison per 100,000.
Serious assaults on staff from prisoners have trebled since 2012.
Prisoner-on-prisoner assaults went up 28% from 2015-2016.
37.4% of prison officers in the UK are female.
( National Offender Management Service, January 2018 )

A Strong Support For God Within Science ..
There is a strong support for a Creator or God from within science.
Science shows the universe is not eternal and that it began to exist at the ‘Big Bang’.
Stephen Hawkings admits ‘many people do not like the idea that time has a beginning, probably because it smacks of divine intervention’.. Equally, the astonishing fine-tuning of the laws of nature to make life possible are also consistent with a divine creator.. Thirdly, Richard Dawkins admits that ‘living objects look overwhelmingly as though they are designed’, although he prefers evolution’s account of why this is so, despite a number of serious holes in the evidence.. Of course, none of this scientific evidence ‘proves’ God exists, but it does create a strong cumulative case that it is probable, provided you do not rule out the possibility before you have weighed the evidence.
Faith is not ‘blind faith’, but a rational position consistent with an open mind.

A Huge Rise In Children Contacting Childline ..
The number of children contacting Childline about child sexual exploitation rose by a third last year.. The cash-strapped NSPCC-run helpline now counsels eight victims every day on the issue.. They are lured or tricked into sexual activity with gifts, money or affection, both online and offline.
( Geraldine McKelvie, 26.11.2017 )

The Big Con Trick ..
Austerity was David Cameron’s and George Osborne’s big con trick – a way to slash budgets for public services and councils so they could give £60 billion in tax breaks to their mates running big businesses.
They blamed the 2008 global financial crisis on Gordon Brown and Labour.
They claimed we’d spent too much and austerity would restore the economy.
The Tories promised to eradicate the deficit by 2015, then 2016, then 2017, then 2020.
Now it looks like it won’t be until 2030 at the earliest.
( John Prescott, 26.11.2017 )

A Dangerous Amount Of Bull

A Creeping Form Of Tax ..
London authorities are accused of generating income via controlled parking zones, bus lanes, congestion charges, parking tickets and so on, in lieu of traditional business rates and council taxes, which are politically more unacceptable.. It is a creeping form of tax which is undemocratic, bears no relation to ability to pay and is one of the small things that is really undermining the quality of life in London.. Parking tickets and fines are intended to improve traffic flow, not to raise revenue or penalise people carrying out their legal business.

The Fewest Soldiers Since The 1700s ..
Almost 18,000 British soldiers are unfit for the frontline, figures reveal.
Many troops have been medically downgraded after suffering wounds and mental health issues such as PTSD from fighting in Iraq and Afghanistan.. But thousands more have chronic knee and back problems, or conditions including obesity and diabetes linked to stodgy cookhouse food such as fry-ups, chips and puds.. MoD figures show 7,890 soldiers are classed as ‘medically non-deployable’, meaning they cannot go to war.. And 9,971 are ‘medically limited’ and unlikely to be sent on operations.
Freedom of Information statistics also show the RAF and Royal Navy have 10,000 personnel between them who are not fit for combat duties.
Britain now has just 60,000 soldiers fit enough to serve on frontline operations – the fewest since the 1700s.
( Sean Rayment, 12.11.2017 )

Tories Treat Children As ‘Guinea Pigs’ ..
A Cabinet minister who thinks allowing some pupils to fail is fine has been condemned for treating children as ‘guinea pigs’.. Chief Secretary to the Treasury Liz Truss has admitted she believes experiments that go wrong at free schools are a price worth paying.. Former Education Minister Ms Truss said, “With freedom there does come risk. There are free schools that haven’t done as well, or there have been cases where pilots haven’t worked. I believe in trying those things and seeing what impact they can have, rather than being risk averse and not trying them.”
Dr Mary Bousted, joint chief of the National Education Union, said, “Liz Truss’s statement amounts to an admission the Government has put its pursuit of ideology above the interests of children’s education. This approach is both reckless and wasteful, and has resulted in real harm being done to communities where schools have had to close.”
( Nicola Bartlett, 28.10.2017 )

High Stake Gambling In UK ..
Gamblers in the UK can stake more on machines than anywhere else in the world, outside Las Vegas.. A new study says Britain is the only country to allow £100 punts on fixed-odds betting terminals.
It adds that one in three problem gamblers earn £10,400 a year or less.
The report by think-tank ResPublica says Belgium allows the second-highest stakes – £21 – but most European countries limit them to under £1.
( Keir Mudie, 22.10.2017 )

The Tories Secretly Blow £3million ..
The Tories have secretly blown £3million of taxpayers’ cash in a failed bid to privatise the NHS staffing agency.. Ministers spent the money on consultants in a desperate bid to sell the respected NHS Professionals Organisation which supplies doctors and nurses to hospitals.. But they were forced into a u-turn by angry MPs, medical chiefs and health unions.
( Andrew Gregory, 14.10.2017 )

Five Billionaires Own 80% Of UK Media ..
Rupert Murdoch, Fred Barclay, David Barclay, Jonathan Harmsworth, Richard Desmond..
The five billionaires who own 80% of the UK media.
Their influence on elections is huge, yet they and their companies are registered abroad.
They pay no UK tax, and that’s how they want it to stay.
Which is why they back the Conservative Party.

Failure Of ‘Big Society’ And ‘Shared Society’ ..
When over 100,000 children live in precarious housing such as other people’s living rooms, B&Bs or temporary shelters, where entire families kip on the floor, we have to admit that David Cameron’s ‘Big Society’ and now Theresa May’s ‘Shared Society’ is more than a failure, it’s a social catastrophe.

We’ve Become A Consumer Society ..
There are never any golden ages, but at one time Britain did have a great empire and we were the first industrial nation.. That transformed everything, our identities, social life, work, everything.
We’ve become a consumer society, in an all-pervasive way.. We’ve lost control of our national destiny through the power of international capitalism.. You’ve only got to look at the banking crisis to see democracies are powerless, and it’s getting worse.
( Michael Wood, September 2012 )

Afternoon Tea ..
The concept of afternoon tea is attributed to Anna Maria, the Duchess of Bedford who in 1841 began to regularly partake of tea and a light snack during the late afternoon to sustain her during the long hours between breakfast and evening dinner.. It became a social occasion, with friends joining her at Woburn Abbey and also at her London residence.. The practise became widely copied and evolved into elaborate society affairs with crust-free sandwiches and slithers of cake and scones presented on delicate china.. Guests would receive formal invitations and were expected to conform to contemporary etiquette concerning everything from what to wear, to how to pour the tea.
( Best of British Magazine, January 2016 )

A Dangerous Amount Of Bull ..
The more we learn about Boris Johnson the more we discover the Foreign Secretary talks a dangerous amount of bull.. His backing of the Spanish bloodsport, in which animals are cut and wounded then slaughtered for fun, is totally obnoxious.. Johnson paid as little attention to detail to what really happens in bullfighting rings as he did before opening his big mouth and potentially doubling by five years the jail sentence of a British woman in Iran.. The Foreign Secretary never knows what he’s talking about.. Killing animals for kicks is uncivilised and Johnson appears ignorant of the opposition in much of Spain.. If Johnson really thinks opposing bullfighting is political correctness gone mad, let him argue his case for animal cruelty in public.
( Daily mirror, 11.11.2017 )

The Increase In The Number Of Motor Vehicles ..
In 1890, the average distance travelled by a UK citizen in a year was 13 miles.. A century later, many people would expect to cover the same distance every day.. The car had much to do with this.. By 1950, there were 2.26 million cars on British roads.. Some 20 years later, the number had increased five-fold, to 11.51 million.. By 2000, there were 26.5 million cars on our roads.. This equates to an increase in private motor vehicles of 1,200% within 50 years – in the same period road capacity rose by just 33%.
( Martin Handler, January 2016 )

Is Atheism A Religion ? ..
Atheism, of course, is a ‘religion’.. Once you form a group and give yourself a label, and then promote your beliefs and condemn all others, whether it be a creator or an idol or a massive stroke of luck, then that becomes a ‘religion’.
Something is a religion if it has a position on a creator and/or the afterlife.. Atheism certainly does.‬. ‪If they don’t have a position on the existence of a creator or the afterlife, they’re not religions.‬
‪You can believe in evolution without taking a position on a creator or the afterlife.. But evolution can take on a religious dimension if it is proposed as a reason to either reject or accept belief in a creator or the afterlife.‬
‪There is an Atheist ‘Church’ in London, and writer Alain De Botton unveiled a Manifesto for Atheists, listing ten virtues, or as the press dubbed them, ‘commandments’.

The eyes of the world are turning to Great Britain.. We now have the moral leadership of the world, and before many years are over we shall have people coming here as to a modern Mecca, learning from us in the twentieth century as they learned from us in the seventeenth.
( Aneurin Bevan, Labour Minister of Health, July 4, 1948 )

Injustice In The World

The Real Enemy Of My People Is Here ..
Why should they ask me to put on a uniform and go 10,000 miles from home and drop bombs and bullets on Brown people in Vietnam while so-called Negro people in Louisville are treated like dogs and denied simple human rights? No, I’m not going 10,000 miles from home to help murder and burn another poor nation simply to continue the domination of white slave masters of the darker people the world over. This is the day when such evils must come to an end.. The real enemy of my people is here.
My conscience won’t let me go shoot my brother, or some darker people, or some poor hungry people in the mud for big powerful America. And shoot them for what? They never called me nigger, they never lynched me, they didn’t put no dogs on me, they didn’t rob me of my nationality, rape and kill my mother and father. Shoot them for what? How do I got to go shoot them, poor little black people, little babies, children, and women? How can I shoot them poor people? Just take me to jail.
( Muhammad Ali )

The Suspicious Death Of Serena Shim ..
American journalist and mother of two Serena Shim, 29, was killed on October 19, 2014 in a suspicious car accident near the Turkey-Syria border.. The identity and whereabouts of the truck driver remain unknown.. It is also highly significant that Shim had very clearly expressed her concerns for her safety just prior to the ‘accident’.
Shim had described her harassment by security forces as particularly unusual, noting that she had dealt with police and intelligence services before in various different countries, but that the Turkish activity was a targeted response to something very specific.. She had said her own instinct was that Turkish security people were tracking her not because of her reporting in Kobani but on account of possible matters of far greater, more damaging information she might have exposed concerning a concerted geo-political conspiracy.. On October 17th, just two days before her death, Shim had told Press TV that the Turkish National Intelligence Organization (MİT) had accused her of “spying”.. She said it was “probably due to some of the stories she had covered” about Turkey’s role in the Islamic State terror group and particularly in regard to the militants in Kobani.. It was Shim who had reported on ISIL militants being smuggled across the Turkish border into Syria in trucks deceptively bearing the symbols of NGOs like the World Food Organisation.
Serena Shim died on the way back to her hotel.. She had been returning to Suruc with her cousin Judy Irish in a rental car which then collided with a heavy vehicle (a cement mixer, according to Turkish media).. Supposedly, Shim died in the crash while her cousin Judy Irish was injured and taken to Suruc State Hospital.. According to the Turkish Dogan News Agency, the driver of the heavy vehicle was subsequently arrested.. Shim’s employer at the time, Press TV, disputed  this, alleging that both driver and vehicle had “disappeared”.. There was also the curious report that Shim and Irish were for some reason taken to different hospitals after the crash.
Serena Shim’s sister, Fatmeh, appears to have been in no doubt that the journalist was murdered for various reasons.. She said, “She caught them bringing in ISIS high-ranked members into Syria from Turkey into camps, which are supposed to be Syrian refugee camps.. I think it was planned and plotted.. There’s no pictures of Serena in the car.. There is not one scratch on my sister’s body.. They took them to two different hospitals.. Why?.. Why were there Army men on the ground, why weren’t there police ?” .. No independent investigation has been conducted by the United States over her death, despite her US citizenship.

Corruption In High Places ? ..
In 2013, documents show that the UK conducted deals with Saudi Arabia to ensure they were elected to the UN Human Rights Council.
In 2015, shortly after they posted a job advertisement for eight new executioners, Saudi Arabia were ‘chosen’ to head the key UN Human Rights Panel.
And earlier this year, in a ‘secret’ ballot, Saudi Arabia was voted onto the UN Women’s Rights Commission.

Case Dropped Against Yvonne Fletcher’s Murder Suspect ..
Murdered WPC Yvonne Fletcher’s colleagues are furious after a police probe into a suspect was halted.. Police say a prosecution has been blocked for ‘national security’ reasons.. Saleh Ibrahim Mabroukwas held 18 months ago over the death of Yvonne, 25, who was shot policing a protest outside Libya’s London embassy in 1984.. It has emerged Theresa May did nothing to stop the case being dropped.. Yvonne’s colleague John Murray, who cradled her as she died, called the decision “a slap in the face”.
Colonel Gaddafi aide Mr Mabrouk was expelled from Britain after the death but returned in 2000, won asylum and gained a PhD in the oil industry.
( Stephen Hayward, Sunday Mirror, 21.05.2017 )

They Died In Vain ..
Homelessness, Food-banks, Loan Sharks, Poverty, Crime, Millions waiting for medical treatment, Benefits cut for the disabled and the vulnerable.. The brave souls who gave their life in two world wars for a better life for those they left behind will be saddened and grieved how life is for so many today.

Russia Could Have Been Our Friend ..
The EU, urged on by the US, re-started the Cold War by encouraging Russia’s neighbours to join the EU as if the USSR still existed, and aggressively sought to detach Ukraine from Russia and draw her into the EU orbit, knowing very well that this would infuriate the Russians.
Russia could have been our friend if we had wanted that. We rightly viewed the old Soviet Union as a global menace to freedom. But Russia is no such thing.. Just a major regional power sick of being humiliated and pushed around by ignorant outsiders.

The Evil Empire ..
Saudi Arabia, the long-term sponsor of intolerant Islamicism, is the most deadly enemy.. European governments have kowtowed to the kingdom for too long.. If we don’t cut our ties with the evil empire, terrorism will destroy the civilised world.
( Yasmin Alibhai-Brown, 20.08.2017 )

A Memorial For Heroism In Every-Day Life ..
There’s a little known London garden called Postman’s Park.. In it is a memorial.. Not a grandiose public memorial to military or political leaders but to otherwise unknown, unsung heroes, ordinary people, who selflessly gave their lives for others.. Sheltered within a cloister are 53 tiled tablets, each depicting the name of the victim or victims and how they died, expressed in the simplest of words.. The idea was conceived by the famous Victorian artist and philanthropist George Frederic Watts and the first tiles were designed by William de Morgan.. It took 13 years of persistence for Watt’s idea to become reality and the first four tablets of the memorial were finally unveiled on the site of three decommissioned graveyards (including that of St Botolph’s-without-Aldersgate) by the Lord Mayor of London on 30 July 1900.. The park, part of which had been opened in 1880, was known as Postman’s Park as it was popular with employees of the nearby General Post Office headquarters, who used to go there to relax during breaks.. After the first tablets more followed and by 1908 there were 48.. The last tablets were unveiled in 1930, apart from one in 2009 dedicated to Leigh Pitt, who drowned in 2007 while saving a boy from the canal at Thamesmead.. That brought about a renewed interest in the addition of new tablets.. After much discussion, it was decided that as the memorial had been a personal initiative by Watts and underpinned by his Victorian values, it would be better to preserve its historical coherence by adding no more.
( An extract from an article by Patricia Stoughton, January 2016 )

A Disgraceful Political Swindle

Plastic Fantastic ..
During the Second World War, many of Britain’s toy factories were requisitioned for munitions work, and although toy making ceased, this war work indirectly led to a new product which would revolutionise the industry – plastic.. Although plastic was known before the war, various techniques were developed and refined in the factories, where it was used for numerous things including aircraft fittings.
When toy making recommenced, plastic was the obvious choice of material to develop, especially for dolls.. Plastic was light, robust, cheap and easy to mould, and it quickly replaced the traditional composition (plaster mix) or porcelain that was the norm before the war.
( Extract from an article by Susan Brewer, November 2015 )

UK MPs Accept Expensive Treats From Bookies ..
Bookies and sports organisations top the list of donors treating MPs to gifts and hospitality.. The revelation has fuelled claims that the gambling industry is trying to influence Parliament.. Ladbrokes Coral Group treated 15 MPs to trips to Ascot, Doncaster and Cheltenham races, football at Wembley and dinner at the Tory Party conference.
( Sunday Mirror, 03.09.2017 )

Are The Ministry Of Defence Covering Up Rape ?..
A rape is reported by female soldiers once every fortnight in the Army.
Ministry of Defence figures show there were 130 sexual assault claims by women against male colleagues in the past five years, including 31 in 2016.. Out of 55 allegations of rape in the past two years, 32 soldiers were prosecuted but just three were found guilty.
A serving Army lawyer fears the number of rapes may be higher as victims do not press charges due to low conviction rates.. Women Against Rape said there was a “concerted cover-up” by the Ministry of Defence.
( Sunday Mirror, 24.09.2017 )

Lowest Number Of Public Sector Workers Since 1947 ..
Nearly a million public sector jobs have been axed since 2010, official figures show.
Seven years ago 6.4 million people worked in the public sector.
Under Tory PMs David Cameron and Theresa May that number has fallen to 5.44 million.
Among the losses are 164,000 posts in education, 44,000 in the police force and 41,000 in the Armed Forces.. The NHS workforce has grown by 4%, but 134,000 posts have gone in other health and social work, and 186,000 in public admin.
Office for National Statistics figures show public sector workers now make up just 16.9% of the labour force.. That’s the lowest proportion since 1947, the year before the NHS was founded.
( Nicola Small, 17.09.2017 )

East-West Economy Change ..
In 1411, Western Europe was a backward periphery far from the fabulous riches of East Asia, the world’s centre of economic and cultural gravity.
Now fast-forward 500 years to 1911:  Western Europe and its overseas colonies have humbled Asians and bestride the world like a Colossus.
Now go another 100 years or so: The West is staggering under a crushing burden of debt and is looking to the East to revive its flagging economy.
What has happened ?.. Is it because our leaders in business and in government have been greedy and selfish ?

A Strange Coincidence Of Fate ..
On December 5, 1660, a ship sank in the Strait of Dover.
The only survivor was noted to be Hugh Williams.
On December 5, 1767, another ship sank in the same waters.
127 lost their lives, and the only survivor was Hugh Williams.
On August 8, 1820, a picnic boat capsized on the River Thames.
There was one survivor, Hugh Williams.
And on July 10, 1940, a British trawler was destroyed by a German mine. Only two men survived, one man and his nephew – both were called Hugh Williams.

Black Holes Are Spinning Faster ..
Giant black holes in the centre of galaxies are spinning faster than at any other time in the history of the universe, research shows.
When the universe was half its present size, nearly all the super-massive black holes had very low spins.. But nowadays a fraction of them have very high spins.
Scientists still don’t have a clue as to the purpose of black holes.. In fact, they don’t have a clue about most things in the universe.
A black hole, and there are probably millions of them, is a region of space in which the gravitational field is so powerful that nothing, including light, can escape its pull.
The black hole has a one-way surface, into which objects can fall, but out of which nothing can come.
It is called ‘black’ because it absorbs all the light that hits it, reflecting nothing.
( Originally posted in May 2011 )

A Disgraceful Political Swindle ..
On 10 July 1958 in Grosvenor Square, London, the first 625 parking meters in the the UK commenced operations.. Charges were 6d for an hour and 1s for two hours.. Overstaying by less than two hours incurred a 10s penalty, rising to £2 for a four hour transgression.. Parking there today costs a minimum of £4 per hour, with a penalty of up to £120 for outlasting the welcome.. The first person to appear in court for a parking meter offence was 19 year-old Elizabeth O’Dwyer on 25 October 1958.. She couldn’t drive and did not own a car.. She was the secretary to a local businessman who had parked his car at a meter.. Realising that he was likely to overstay, he asked Elizabeth to put some more money into the meter for him.. This was not permitted by the by-laws, which forbade replenishment.. You had to vacate the space for at least an hour before bringing your car back.. Elizabeth was spotted putting her pennies in the slot by a meter attendant – not then known as traffic wardens.. The Westminster Council meter attendant had no powers to directly issue a summons and called for the police.. Two constables arrived and Elizabeth was arrested and subsequently summoned to appear in court.. The presiding magistrate thought the whole issue a waste of time and discharged her, but not without ordering her to pay 2s court costs.. Traffic wardens first appeared in September 1960.. There were 40 of them and 344 tickets were issued on day one.. The then chairman of the RAC was the volatile Wilfred Andrews, who loudly decried the whole practise as, “A disgraceful political swindle”.. Residents’ parking zones first appeared in Kensington and Chelsea in 1966.. The 1984 Road Traffic Act determined that henceforth parking offences were to be treated as civil, rather than criminal, cases.
( An extract from an article by Martin Handley, January 2016 )